St Andrew, Bulmer, Essex

The church of St Andrew in Bulmer dates to the 12th century. The north arcade in the nave is of 14th century origin. The font, with a fine green man on one face, dates to the 15th century.

There are three figures featured in the graffiti in the church. A soldier, a bishop and a stick figure. From the shape of the helmet, the soldier could be from the time of the Napoleonic wars.

There are several examples of compass drawn circles, including a patch of faint, interlinked examples. There is a pentagram and a Marian W mark.

The window surround in the south side of the chancel displays the same mason’s mark several times.

There are several small dot patterns, a sword, a butterfly cross, an unusual triangle design, some faint script and several unidentified marks throughout the church.

There is the usual scattering of initials inside and outside the church; less usually, there are no dates in this selection.

Report by Anthea Hawdon and Linda Wilson

St Andrew’s Church

Church Rd
CO10 7EL

The church is open during daylight hours.


Search terms: Bishop, figure, soldier, medieval graffiti, historic graffiti, raking light, JC, R, A, interlinked circles (compass drawn), Marian mark, W, pentagram, mason’s mark, butterfly cross, triangle, unidentified mark, sword, dot patterns, cross, script, memorial, W, RB, 7, V, T, R, SL, DR, AW, KR, FM, RY, V, DB, FI, RR, Roy, T, A, IL, O, R, FA, II, C, EB, A, WD, Aneth, RE, DD